21.10.15

türkler ne kadar türk?



milliyetçilik genelde de mantıksız, daha doğrusu efsaneye dayalı bir ruh hali, ama türkler için iyice öyle. ms 11. yüzyılda anadolu'ya gelmeye başlayan türklerden önce burada hititler, urartular, persler, hurriler, ermeniler, rumlar, kimeryalılar, galatyalılar, lidyalılar, likyalılar, frigyalılar, aramlar, süryaniler, kapadokyalılar, kilikyalılar ve kürtler yaşıyordu. bizans imparatorluğu döneminde anadolu'ya batıdan rumlar yoğun bir biçimde getirtildi, doğudaki ermeniler de anadolu içine taşındı. türkler geldiğinde yerli halkın ciddi bir kısmını öldürdü ya da sürdü, ama yine de türklerin oranı genel nüfusun içinde oldukça küçüktü. kültürel açıdan islamlaşma/türkleşme geçerli olmakla birlikte, genetik olarak bakıldığında türklerin yerel genetik havuza karıştığını görüyoruz. osmanlı döneminde yahudilerin gelmesi genetik açıdan çok büyük bir değişiklik yaratmadıysa da, 19. yüzyılda kırım, kafkaslar ve balkanlardan gelen nüfus dalgaları, 20. yüzyıldaysa rum ve ermeni nüfusunun neredeyse sıfırlanması, anadolu'nun genetik yapısında önemli değişikliklere yol açtı.

bugün yapılan dna araştırmalarında türklerin gen yapısının %35'inin kadim anadolu halklarıyla, %38'inin avrupa (yerel rum nüfus ve balkan göçleriyle gelenler) halklarıyla, %18'inin güney asya halklarıyla, %9'ununsa orta asya halklarıyla benzerlik taşıdığını ortaya koyuyor.

yani türküm dediğimizde aslında %10 oranında türküz. hititiz desek, rumuz desek, ermeniyiz, kürdüz desek daha doğru.


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